Lorenzo and Jessica’s Relationship  – Just Jo
Get an answer for 'How is the Jessica-Lorenzo subplot central to the play's chief concerns?' and find homework help for other The Merchant of Venice questions at Both the Jessica-Lorenzo and the Portia-Bassanio relationships involve a. Merchant of Venice Discussion Questions. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS . What do Jessica and Lorenzo think of Portia and her relationship with Bassanio?. BASSANIO'S FRIENDSHIP AND MARRIAGE decisions, actions, and relationships of Antonio, Bassanio, Portia, and Jessica. the roles of women and marriage to examining questions of justice and mercy to View all notes While most critics have paid particular attention to the character Shylock and the.
Linked to the confusion of money and love is the concept of contracts or obligations of flesh and money in both business and love; here, again, Venice and Belmont may seem to represent the extremes of depravity and justice respectively, but closer analysis reveals that the two worlds are similar beneath their outward ornamentation. Principally, the confusion in these contracts stem from Christian ideas concerning capitalism and especially usury that figure prominently in Venice and equally, though less obviously, in Belmont.
Though Antonio speaks of Christian principles that forbid usury, he cannot escape the heritage of trade and the money breeding values of the Rialto; that is, by its very nature, his own capitalistic trading is usury. Merchants use money to purchase goods, sell those goods at a profit, and accrue interest from the profitable sale of goods; now, money has bred money. Additionally, as The Bible dictates in Deuteronomy Ironically, his lending of money is not really free of interest or usury; instead of money, he charges love and friendship.
Language of Shakespeare's Plays
Thus, Antonio not only is a usurer in capitalistic trade, but also in the friendship contract. Contracts of interest also pervade the wonderland of Belmont, particularly that of the marriage contract. Yet, in these contracts of flesh, money, and love, there is also the forfeiture of that business agreement or marital vow that raises disturbing questions of morality, true justice, and Christian mercy in Venice as well as in Belmont.
Though the scene begins with the Christians pleading with a cruel Shylock to forgive and dismiss the debt in gentle mercy, the arrival of Portia from Belmont in disguise as a young male lawyer soon turns the judgment against Shylock. Since Venice has remained a foggy moral conundrum where love and money still intertwine and where justice is a matter of technicalities in contracts of law, it seems natural for the characters to seek a sanctuary in moonlit, exotic Belmont.
Yet, in the end, Belmont has remained an ornament without true substance, a dream world that cannot effect moral change in Christians who refuse to shed their hypocrisy or immorality.
Lorenzo and Jessica’s Relationship [2.4-2.6]
There is a judgment in Belmont at the end of the play as there was in Veniceas Portia censures Bassanio for giving his wedding ring as payment to the young lawyer a disguised Portia who saves Antonio form Shylock. Thus, she renews the confusion of the flesh her body and the material a gold ring and reemphasizes that marriage is more a contract of money and flesh than of love. Thus, Shakespeare suggests that the facade of goodness in the invocation of religion without its effective practice cannot make everything right; one cannot escape the reality of inner corruption through outer fantasy.
Though Belmont wears the garments of Eden and underneath bears the burdens of human vice equal to that in Venice, there does seem to be an underlying if faint thread of hope of possible future redemption in Belmont; moments of inner reflection and meditation in which the characters briefly reveal an honest assessment of themselves and the materialistic world that they live in.
Some sort of understanding, an admittance of folly seems present in Belmont when characters are reflecting to themselves rather than to the outside world, a reminder of human fallibility.
In other words, the elusive glass of inner reflection occasionally does penetrate Belmont, allowing honest insight and fleeting, though true realizations of human moral corruption.
Thus, Belmont is not just a reflection of the extremely twisted morals of Venice, but a place where hope will not die if the Christians can look directly into their hearts, admit their hypocrisy, and reform. To catch the magic of Belmont is not to look for how these new surroundings can effect an inner change, but to seek for the answers within oneself.
Gratiano Friend to Bassanio, Gratiano accompanies him to Belmont where he falls in love with and eventually marries Nerissa.
Jessica Daughter of Shylock, Jessica is seen as a woman caught in the middle between the jewish and christian elements.
Jessica and Shylock
Her life is made difficult by her father as such she seeks to leave her home and elopes with Lorenzo. Marrying him it is stated that she converts from the jewish faith to christian which leaves us to question how she is viewed by her new christian counterparts. While his life was made difficult being a servant to Jewish moneylender when he is in fact christian he poses as the comedic element of the play. Shakespeare contrasts the main characters Shylock and Antonio to represent these key ideas within The Merchant of Venice.
He presents the two characters as conflicting opposites and personifies the juxtaposed themes of this play; justice and mercy, forgiveness and revenge. Revenge as a noun occurs four times in the Merchant of Venice. Shylock is portrayed primarily as the aggressor, seeking from Antonio what he believes to be justice but to others it would be viewed he is seeking revenge for the Jewish people.
Within Merchant of Venice it occurs as a verb four times. Once each by Portia, Shylock, Duke and Bassanio. Forgave occurs once from Lorenzo. Therefore the contrasting themes are presented equally within the play Merchant of Venice.
Forget occurs twice in Merchant of Venice coming both from Shylock. This is interesting as it comes at the start of the play in which Shylock convinces Antonio to make the bargain with him in Act 1, Scene 3. This is crucial as it juxtapositions the end of the play in which Shylock refuses to let go of his grievance to his near fatal detriment. Revenge n occurs in a cluster within Merchant of Venice whereas forgive v occurs sporadically throughout.
If a Christian wrong a Jew, what should his sufferance be by Christian example? Portia tries to beg Shylock for mercy. Hence from the perspective of etymology, Portia's disquisition on the iterated word "mercy" and its moral superiority over Shylock's demanded "justice" lies the wonderful irony, mercenary Latin meaning of "price" to its transcendent Christian meaning of charitable forbearance Doloff, Moreover, the play also presents anti-semitic ideas, depicting Shylock, a Jew, as evil and Antonio, a Christian, as good.
- Love story of jessica and lorenzo in merchant of venice
- Language of Shakespeare's Plays
- The Merchant of Venice: For Love or Money
Stereotyping in this play is used to portray Shylock as malicious, selfish and hateful man who only cares about money. Antonio, on the other hand, is portrayed as the 'perfect Christian'; merciful and kind. Shylock only appears in a couple of scenes in the play, but the audience can gather an opinion of him by the way the other characters on stage talk about him. Shylock appears to be disliked by those who are closest to him, for example his daughter, Jessica in act 2.
This is one of the reasons the audience see him as the evil character. On the other hand, Antonio appears to the audience as a very merciful man. When he does not appear in a scene, those closest to him talk about him highly emphasising his good features, this makes Antonio appear in a better light than Shylock. Every time Shylock is talked about or seen by the Elizabethan audience in a bad manner, consequently, Antonio's good qualities are emphasised.
Religion in the Merchant of Venice Judaism and Christianity appear as seemingly rival religions. Shakespeare portrays this using the two main characters Shylock and Antonio. It could be said that Shakespeare uses Antonio to represent Christianity where Shylock is seen to represent Judaism.
We are first introduced to the idea that they are rivals in Act one, Scene 3.Gobo, Jessica & Lorenzo MOV Winedale
This quote identifies that the theme of hatred is personified using religious intolerance. Shylock's hatred for Antonio is based solely on his religion and the treatment he receives because of his.
The themes hatred and religion are closely linked as can be seen from the quote above. What was interesting, however, was not just how the play focuses more on Judaism rather than Christianity- which was the dominating religion in Europe at the time- but why this may be. The words Christianity and Jew appears more frequently in the Merchant of Venice than any other Shakespeare play. Figures 1 and 2 draw your attention to religion showing its overall importance to the play as a whole.
Using these figures, religion can clearly be seen as significant to the over all text. So what was its role in the play? Critics have argued that the way Shylock is presented in the play is anti- semitic.
While its deliberence is debated there is, however, no debate that anti-Semitism is demonstrated through the character of Antonio. He views himself and his religion superior than that of Shylocks. It can be seen in Act 1 Scene 3 when Shylock confronts Antonio for spitting on his gabardine. Antonio compares him to an animal calling him a 'dog'. In doing this it implies that Shylock is inferior to himself and that because of his religion he is animal like.
Antonio not only does not deny that he spat on him but says: On the other hand, it could literally mean that if everyone were to convert to Christianity, the price of pork would increase. Either way the way the characters treat Jewish people and their religion is as if their own is superior. Furthermore, characters themselves are rarely identified by name but rather religious identity.
More frequently than both characters. Launcelot too exhibits anti- semitic behaviour which can be seen in the second act. He is debating whether or not he should seek a new employer solely on the fact that he works for Shylock who is Jewish. He ends up choosing to run away from him rather than continue working for someone of a different faith than his own.
Not only does he refer to Shylock as the devil but says, "I am a Jew if I serve the Jew any longer" 2. It could be said that the attitudes towards wealth is a way to distinguish the Jewish and Christian characters.