Sotho Kingdom / Basutoland
Moshoeshoe was born at Menkhoaneng in the Northern part of present-day these kingdoms for control of prime pasture land and fertile cropping areas. Sesotho Web: Basotho in Lesotho - Sesotho Online The Basotho nation KINGDOM UNDER MOSHOESHOE AND HIS RELATIONSHIP WITH. In , King Moshoeshoe, who was the son of the chief of the Bakotela of mixed descent arrived in the vicinity of Moshoeshoe's kingdom. the Basotho under Moshoeshoe, and were the first to write the Sesotho language.
The emergence of the sotho kingdom under moshoeshoe and his relationship with his neighbours essay
Moshoeshoe, a contemporary b. This kingdom became the foundation for the modern state of Lesotho. The kingdom was founded by Moshoeshoe I, who faced by Boer encroachment onto Basotho grazing lands from one direction, and violent population upheavals precipitated by the military rise of Shaka Zulu in Natal from another.
Moshoeshoe I, then a minor chief, initially led his people to a mountain refuge where they established a new settlement; subsequently he established a policy of affording haven to refugees willing to help with defense. Moshweshwe established the Basotho kingship through conquering and subjugating various traditional communities, including Mankwane, Mahlubi, Bakwena, Makgwakgwa, Batloung, Bataung and Bahlakwana.
The Bakwena trace their origin to Kwena who lived roundabout These traditional communities acknowledged Moshweshwe to be their leader and king.History Of Lesotho
They were absorbed to form the Basotho nation, and shared sesotho customs, language and culture. Moshweshwe welded together fragmented Basotho communities round aboutduring the Mfecane Wars.
He built them together into a unified people. Thus the Basotho kingship was born. Lesotho was established in Moshweshwe placed Paulos Mopeli as morena wasebaka1 at Mabolela, east of present day Ladybrand.
Moshoeshoe, seeking in the s to protect his people from the worst ravages of the difaqane, fortified a large mesa, Thaba Bosiu, that proved impregnable to attack for decades thereafter.
With this natural fortress as his base, he built a large kingdom, welcomed in particular refugees from famine and wars elsewhere, and provided them with food and shelter.
He was the first son of Mokhachane, a minor chief of the Bakoteli, a branch of the Koena clan. While still under the tutelage of his father Lepoqo, as he was called at the time, played an important role in augmenting the power of the Bakoteli subclan by bringing the senior Sekake group and a number of Bafokeng clans, including the Makara and Ratsiu groups, under his father's control.
Inat the age of 34, Moshoeshoe moved to Butha-Buthe Mountain with his followers and became chief in his own right, albeit a very minor chief. This coincided with the advent of a highly turbulent period that engulfed the whole of southern Africa and affected the economic and political lives of virtually all the people of the region.
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Several unrelated factors were responsible for this, but it was the conflict among the Nguni people in Natal and the arrival of white settlers across the Orange River which had the most far reaching impact on the history of the Basotho and Lesotho.
An important development at this time was the rising military dictatorship of the Zulu King, Shaka, whose attacks on neighbouring clans in northern Natal caused ripple effects which were felt as far afield as Lesotho. This was part of a process of nation building among the Nguni in Natal in the early s which was characterised by the creation of larger political units and centralised structures,of authority.
To compound an already difficult situation, a severe draught hit the region in the early and sparked off unprecedented competition between these kingdoms for control of prime pasture land and fertile cropping areas. Weaker chiefdoms were either swept aside or absorbed by the centralised structures.
Independent clans such as the Amangwane, under Chief Matiwane, were forced to flee Zululand. In the process they displaced sections of the Zizi and Hlubi people who fled across the Drakensburg in from the Upper Tugela river basin, followed a short while later by the Amangwane themselves who were being further harassed by Shaka's armies. The Hlubi people under Chief Mpagazitha, created a new stream of refugees as they in turn fell upon the Batlokoa people who were at that time living in the area of the present-day Harrismith.
The Tlokoa, Hlubi and Ngwane became three separate marauding bands who,seized grain and cattle from each other and from any smaller groups of people they encountered.