List of Egyptian deities - Wikipedia
Wife of Amun and mother of all the other gods, according to folks in Thebes. . She's the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus, which makes her the . scribe” and she's a goddess of more or less everything related to writing. Horus is one of the most significant ancient Egyptian deities. He was worshipped from at least Nekheny may have been another falcon god worshipped at Nekhen, city of the falcon, with whom Horus In early Egypt, Horus was the brother of Isis, Osiris, Set and Nephthys. .. Media related to Horus at Wikimedia Commons. Some of these deities' names are well known: Isis, Osiris, Horus, Amun, Ra, Hathor, .. His association with the Sphinx of Giza comes from these foreign workers.
Tombs in the Valley of the Kings were often sealed with an image of Anubis subduing the "nine bows" enemies of Egypt as "Jackal Ruler of the Bows" and it was thought that the god would protect the burial physically and spiritually. One of his epithets, "tpy-djuf" "he who is on his mountain" refers to him guarding the necropolis and keeping watch from the hill above the Theban necropolis. He was also given the epithet "khentyamentiu" "foremost of the westerners" i.
He was originally thought to be the son of Ra and HesatRa's wife who was identified with Hathorbut later myths held that he was the child of Osiris and Nephthys, or Set and Nephthys.
List of Egyptian deities
He was sometimes described as the son of Bast because of her link to the perfumed oils used in embalming. His wife, Anput his female aspect was only really referred to in association with the seventeenth nome of Upper Egypt. It is thought that they were the parents of Kebechetthe goddess of the purification.
Dogs and jackals often patrolled the edges of the desert, near the cemeteries where the dead were buried, and it is thought that the first tombs were constructed to protect the dead from them. Anubis was usually thought of as a jackal sAbbut may equally have been a wild dog iwiw He was usually depicted as a man with the head of a jackal and alert ears, often wearing a red ribbon, and wielding a flail.
He was sometimes depicted as a jackal such as in the beautiful examples from the tomb of Tutankhamun but only rarely appears as a man one example is in the cenotaph temple of Rameses II at Abydos. His fur was generally black not the brown associated with real jackals because black was associated with fertility, and was closely linked to rebirth in the afterlife. In the catacombs of Alexandria he was depicted wearing Roman dress and the sun disk flanked by two cobras.
Anubis was worshipped throughout Egypt, but the center of his cult was in Hardai Cynopolis in the the seventeenth nome of Upper Egypt.
To the east of Saqqara there was a place known as Anubeion, where a shrine and a cemetery of mummified dogs and jackals was discovered.
In this tale, it was said that Set, the patron of Upper Egyptand Horus, the patron of Lower Egypthad battled for Egypt brutally, with neither side victorious, until eventually the gods sided with Horus. In the struggle, Set had lost a testicleand Horus's eye was gouged out. The symbol is seen on images of Horus' mother, Isis, and on other deities associated with her.
Wadjet was a solar deity and this symbol began as her all-seeing eye. In early artwork, Hathor is also depicted with this eye.
Gods of Ancient Egypt: Anubis
The Wedjat or Eye of Horus is "the central element" of seven " goldfaiencecarnelian and lapis lazuli " bracelets found on the mummy of Shoshenq II. Egyptian and Near Eastern sailors would frequently paint the symbol on the bow of their vessel to ensure safe sea travel.
In these battles, Horus came to be associated with Lower Egypt, and became its patron. According to The Contendings of Horus and Seth, Set is depicted as trying to prove his dominance by seducing Horus and then having sexual intercourse with him. However, Horus places his hand between his thighs and catches Set's sementhen subsequently throws it in the river so that he may not be said to have been inseminated by Set.
Horus then deliberately spreads his own semen on some lettucewhich was Set's favorite food. After Set had eaten the lettuce, they went to the gods to try to settle the argument over the rule of Egypt. The gods first listened to Set's claim of dominance over Horus, and call his semen forth, but it answered from the river, invalidating his claim.
Then, the gods listened to Horus' claim of having dominated Set, and call his semen forth, and it answered from inside Set. Horus falcon, after BCE. Original in the Department of Ancient Egypt and Sudan, British Museum However, Set still refused to relent, and the other gods were getting tired from over eighty years of fighting and challenges. Horus and Set challenged each other to a boat race, where they each raced in a boat made of stone.
The Egyptian God Family Tree – Veritable Hokum
Horus and Set agreed, and the race started. But Horus had an edge: Ptah A god of primeval permanence and creativity — matter and form, basically, in their most pure sense. He was the patron god of Memphis, and created himself from nothing in the beginning of time, and then spoke the names of the other gods to create them. Qadesh A Canaanite sex-goddess who was incorporated into the Egyptian pantheon and became pretty popular. Reshep A Canaanite god of plague and war who, like Qadesh, was later incorporated into the Egyptian pantheon.
Bes Bes is an interesting one.
Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses
Where most deities in ancient Egypt were depicted young, beautiful, and sideways, Bes is pretty much always the front-view of a fat little naked man with a beard. One source I read suggested he might have been initially modeled after the front view of a male lion. Imhotep Imhotep is a deified human — how cool is that?
Nefertem A god of beauty and perfumes. He was born from a lotus flower, and is usually depicted with one on his head.
Geb A god of the earth, or literally was the earth, depending on the source. Nut A goddess of the sky, or literally was the sky, depending on the source. There was a period way, way back when early Egyptians thought of baboons as their deceased ancestors, so Babi was associated with the afterlife. Ancient Egyptian men would sometimes wear his amulets for the ancient-Egytpain equivalent of date-night.
He was also associated with a certain kind of lettuce that has a distinctive white sap. Isis Wise, magical, and exceptionally cunning, Isis was one of the most important goddesses in the whole pantheon.
She represented the Egyptian ideal of femininity. This is when Isis, in her grief, collected all the Osiris-pieces and used her magic to resurrect him just long enough to get her pregnant. But it magic only lasts so long and he died again, this time to unlive out the rest of his undays in the underworld as the chief deity of the afterlife.
Paintings of her are almost painfully boring. They just paint a nondescript woman with her name on top. He was strong, belligerent, short-tempered, and mean, and was the chief god of crime, illness, storms, droughts, plagues, and foreign lands.
But for all that, he did a pretty good job defending the realm during his stint as pharaoh even if he only got the job by killing his brother. Think of Set as the god of necessary evils — mean, threatening, dangerous, but useful if put toward the right purpose. Horus Horus is the reigning pharaoh of the gods.