Ona's character in Upton Sinclair ''The Jungle'' will probably make you pretty sad. In this Jurgis and Ona met in Lithuania when she was barely a teenager. ''I did not want--to do it,'' she said; ''I tried--I tried not to do it. .. Original Price. Get an answer for 'How old are Jurgis and Ona at the beginning of The Jungle? We know from the text that Ona is only fifteen as the novel opens on her 1 educator answer; Why did Jurgis and Ona decide upon chicago for their home?. The Jungle is a novel written in by the American journalist and novelist Upton Sinclair . Mike Scully (originally Tom Cassidy), the Democratic Party " boss" of the stockyards. Antanas, son of Jurgis and Ona, otherwise known as " Baby". write the novel, but his efforts to publish the series as a book met with resistance.
The Jungle is the best-known of the muckraking works that came out of the Progressive Era of the early twentieth century; however, its scope is not limited to that particular period. Sinclair paints an interesting picture of the progress of organized labor and the political power of business in American society. The Jungle is a valuable tool to anyone interested in the current issues of immigration, industrialization, organized labor, and government regulation of the economy for it shows us from whence we came.
The Jungle - Wikipedia
Through its exposure of the worst characteristics of industrial society, its depiction of a specific era in American history, and its use of literary elements to inform the reader, it can be used in World history or American history classes, or in English classes that study the novel as a genre.
The Jungle, originally serialized by the newspaper, was published in book form in Instead, his graphic and nauseating descriptions of the meat packing industry led to passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act that had been stalled in Congress.
The Jungle follows the experiences of an extended Lithuanian family that immigrates to the United States in the early s to make their fortune.
They arrive in Chicago full of excitement and optimism and gain employment in the meat packing plants. A seemingly innocent and practical desire to own a home begins the chain of events that leads to ruin. Surrounded by cruel and unscrupulous businessmen and politicians, the family cannot meet monthly expenses. Chapter after chapter depicts the extremes to which they must go to earn enough money to survive, and the steady loss of their humanity.
Finally, after three years of struggle, most of the adults are dead or ruined, and the children are on the streets as often as they are in school. Although his immediate family struggled financially, his extended family was well-to-do. While The Jungle is his best-known work, it is not the most critically acclaimed. Sinclair spent the last years of his life in a nursing home in New Jersey, where he died in Perhaps his best epitaph is a statement by George Bernard Shaw.
The Progressive movement was the first major reform movement of twentieth-century industrial America. It was a movement primarily of the urban middle-class who sought government intervention in the industrial economy to improve the living and working conditions of the working class, many of whom were eastern European immigrants.
While many Progressives were motivated by humanitarianism, some were frightened by the growing influence of the socialist party in Europe and the threat of that same influence in the United States. They saw assistance to the poor as a way to counteract that threat.
However, they generally did not propose solutions. The history student can also benefit from using this novel as an example of the immigrant experience or the problems of early industrial society. Because of the obvious legislative results of The Jungle, it could be incorporated into a study of books that changed the country. The coming misfortunes are hinted at in the descriptions of guests and their own misfortunes. What event begins the book? Who is in charge of the festivities?
What is the ethnic background of the main characters? Why is Jurgis always optimistic about the prospect of work? How many members of the extended family immigrated to America? Why did the family choose to go to Chicago? What reality did they encounter once they arrived? Where did the family find lodging on their arrival in Chicago? What is their first impression of Packingtown?
Chapter III Before they begin work, the family tours one of the packing plants and is amazed at the activity and apparent efficiency. What process does the family observe on their tour? What characteristics of Durham and company impress the family? The adults find work and the family decides to invest in a house. However, they discover that the details of the purchase are not what they expected. Which members of the family went to work?
Why did Jurgis refuse to allow Ona and the children to work? Why are the prospects for work for Dede Antanas poor? Why does the family decide to buy a house? What concerns Teta Elzbieta at the signing of the papers? How is that concern reconciled? Chapter V As the family members become more accustomed to Packingtown, they begin to discover the corruption underlying the system.
What new need arises once the house is purchased? Why is Jurgis dismayed to discover that most of the workers hate their situation? Why does Jurgis initially refuse to join the union? How does Dede Antanas get work? What is his job?
What unpleasant truths do the working members of the family begin to discover about their work places? Chapter VI In Chapter Six the family discovers that they must pay interest on their purchase, which almost doubles the monthly payment.
This need requires that more members of the family go to work. Why had Jurgis and Ona been forced to wait to be married? What two horrible truths do they learn about their house? What political philosophy does Grandmother Majauszkiene support? What does she predict will happen? Why do the owners keep bringing in new immigrant workers? How does the family raise the money for the monthly interest?
Dede Antanas dies from the poor working and living conditions. What unknown hazards account for the poor health of the children? How does old Antanas die? Why is his death a double tragedy to the family? What incident at work makes Stanislovas fear the cold and snow? What moral pitfalls plagued the working men? What saved Jurgis from these threats?
However, loss of work and the financial needs of the family force her to postpone her plans. Who was the target of her affections? What tragedy puts a stop to her plans? Why does Jurgis decide to join a union? Chapter IX Jurgis becomes more and more involved in the union. Through the union, he gets his first exposure to the American political system. Why did Jurgis decide to study English? How did union membership introduce Jurgis to American politics?
Who was Mike Scully? How did the Chicago political machine work? What corruption were the packers involved in? Chapter X More tragedy befalls the family in the form of taxes, insurance, and sewer fees. Marija and Ona both struggle with their work situations. Ona gives birth to a son, but remains in poor health after the birth. What unforeseen expenses were associated with the house? Why did Marija lose her job? How does she find another one?
What were the threats to a decent girl like Ona? What problems does Ona have after the birth of the baby? Chapter XI Jurgis suffers a serious accident at work and is unable to work for weeks. Without his pay, the family comes closer to financial ruin. What threat does the winter blizzard hold? What accident befalls Jurgis? Chapter XII Jurgis tries to return to work too soon and is reinjured. When he finally recovers, he discovers that his job has been given to someone else.
He begins the long difficult task of finding another job.The Jungle by Upton Sinclair Review - Minute Book Report
Meanwhile, Jonas disappears; the family never learns his fate. What happens when Jurgis tries to go back to work? What happens to Jonas while Jurgis is incapacitated? What decision is the family forced to make?
Why is Jurgis unable to find another job easily? Jurgis finally gets a job at the fertilizer plant, the worse job in Packingtown.
What crisis arises with the death of little Kristoforas? Where does Jurgis finally find work? Why is this job considered the lowest labor in Packingtown? Why does Elzbieta go to work? Where and under what conditions does she work? Chapter XIV In Chapter Fourteen, the adults realize that they will never be able to make enough money to finally own the house. This realization does not change anything; however, because they can only continue to work and try to pay the bills.
Ona in The Jungle: Character Analysis & Quotes | y3y3games.info
Ona begins to suffer from apparent depression. What sorts of things went into the sausage? How have Jurgis, Ona, and Elzbieta changed since coming to Chicago? What horrible realization do the adults reach? What vice has Jurgis discovered? What is his only defense? What does he secretly wish? What effect does her second pregnancy seem to have on Ona? Jurgis discovers that Ona has been forced into a sexual relationship with her boss.
He assaults the man and is arrested. What happens a day or two before Thanksgiving? What is the explanation? What does Jurgis discover the second time Ona does not come home? What have he and Miss Henderson done to Ona? How does Jurgis react to this news? What is the result of his actions?
With what crime is Jurgis charged? What meal is Jurgis fed in prison?
Ona in The Jungle: Character Analysis & Quotes
How did it get its name? What fears does Jurgis have for Ona and his family? What role does Pat Callahan play in Packingtown? Why is Jurgis sent back to jail?
Who is placed in the cell with Jurgis? What is his profession? Why has he been arrested? What did the other prisoners call Jurgis? At the trial, what explanation does Connor give for the attack?
Who visits him at Bridewell? He told me he would--we would all of us lose our places. We could never get anything to do--here--again. He--he meant it--he would have ruined us. Connor had threatened her, offered her money, and essentially forced her into prostitution.
By now, Ona is pregnant with her second child. Premature labor, combined with her weak physical state, results in her death - and the baby's death - during childbirth.
After her death, Jurgis is wracked with guilt. Ona is a victim to circumstances beyond her control; she can not fight her powerful boss, she can not bear the physical labor of her job, and she can not help her family succeed. Analysis of Ona Upton Sinclair presents Ona in a number of lights to show his themes of capitalism as the monster beating down upon the working class.
Let's look at some of the ways he does this. Ona represents guilt Early in the novel, Jurgis is very much against Ona going to work. He eventually relents, but it's clear that he's never really OK with the situation, at one point expressing his disdain for eating food that his wife's labor has provided.
His guilt causes him to lash out at her. After her death, his guilt intensifies, and we're left with a sad and broken shell of a man. Sinclair uses Ona as a tool to show that capitalism's pressure on Jurgis, ultimately, leads to his wife's demise. Ona represents pity Because she is portrayed as such a stereotypical character - fragile, timid, easily frightened and weak - agains Jurgis' strength and provision, she draws pity from readers.
Here is a passage where Jurgis tries to illustrate his care toward his wife: