Eastern Ghats | Revolvy
PDF | The Eastern Ghats are a series of discontinuous low ranges running generally northeast-southwest parallel to the coast of the Ghats and Western Ghats meet. .. people dispose the waste in the farm yard manure pit and garbage pit. Eastern and Western Ghats of India UPSC; Eastern and Western Ghats It must be noted that the Western and the Eastern Ghats meet at the. They constitute the meeting point of the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. The Nilgiri often . A DragonflyB HoneybeeC SpiderD Pit viper. 55). For which.
Some examples of the mammals that are endemic are: At least of those animals and flora are threatened species, many of which are endemic, especially in regards to the amphibians and reptiles. The Western Ghats is home to some of the largest population of globally threatened species such as the Asian Elephant, Gaur, and Tiger. Given that a large number of vulnerable and valuable species depend on the Western Ghats, it is imperative to protect and sustain it.
Beyond indirectly supporting numerous communities outside its bounds with resources, it is home to many different indigenous people groups. Again, another reason why this biodiversity hotspot of India needs to be conserved and protected.
The Eastern and Western Ghats meet in the -
Deforestation is a huge detriment to the wildlife and people living within the Western Ghats but it is also a cause for concern for those living in urban settings. It was established in as the first biosphere of India.
The objectives for why the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve was established was to: R Environmental Education Center. This Reserve takes up a total area of 5, square kilometers within three states, being: In addition, the NBR is found within the Malabar rain forest and is comprised of these protected areas: In terms of vegetation, the NBR still has many areas that have gone untampered and the diversity of ecosystems include evergreen forests and dry scrub as well as swamps.
Due to the climatic gradients and altitude the different ecosystems are well supported and nourished. The climate of the higher hill ranges is generally cooler and wetter than the surrounding plains, and the hills are home to coffee plantations and enclaves of dry forest.
- Western Ghats
- Eastern and Western Ghats Facts
The hill station of Yercaud is located in the Shevaroy Hills. The Ponnaiyar and Palar rivers flow from headwaters on the Kolar Plateau eastward through gaps in the Ghats to empty into the Bay of Bengal; the Javadhu Hills lie between the two rivers. There are waterfalls in remote areas, such as the Kiliyur Falls. Its northern boundaries are marked by the flat Palnadu basin, while in the south it merges with the Tirupati hills.
An extremely old system, the hills have been extensively weathered and eroded over the years.
Western Ghats - Wikipedia
The Palar River cuts through the ranges. The Velikonda Range eventually descends to the coastal plain in northern Nellore districtwhile the Nallamalla Range in Kurnool continues to the River Krishna.
The Kondapalli Hills are a range of low hills which lie between the Krishna and the Godavari rivers. The Krishna River bisects these hills of the Eastern Ghats. The reservoirs are important for their commercial and sport fisheries of rainbow troutmahseer and common carp. Talakaveri is the source of the river Kaveri and the Kuduremukha range is the source of the Tungabhadra.
Western Ghats have several man-made lakes and reservoirs with major lakes at Ooty 34 hectares 84 acres in Nilgiris, Kodaikanal 26 hectares 64 acres and Berijam in Palani HillsPookode lakeKarlad Lake in WayanadVagamon lake, Devikulam 6 hectares 15 acres and Letchmi 2 hectares 4. Chembra Peak seen from Pookode Lake Climate[ edit ] Annual rainfall along the Western Ghat region Climate in the Western Ghats varies with altitudinal gradation and distance from the equator.
The climate is humid and tropical in the lower reaches tempered by the proximity to the sea.eastern and western hills ( पूर्वी घाट&पश्चिमी घाट)-geography
In some parts frost is common, and temperatures touch the freezing point during the winter months. It has also been observed that the coldest periods in the South Western Ghats coincide with the wettest.
The heavy, eastward-moving rain-bearing clouds are forced to rise and in the process deposit most of their rain on the windward side. The total amount of rain does not depend on the spread of the area with areas in northern Maharashtra receiving heavy rainfall followed by long dry spells, while regions closer to the equator receive less annual rainfall and have rain spells lasting several months in a year.
The northern portion of the range is generally drier than the southern portion, and at lower elevations makes up the North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests ecoregion, with mostly deciduous forests made up predominantly of teak.