*screaming intensifies* - Imgur
Buy "Happy Days TV Drama Soundtrack (OST)" at y3y3games.info with Free International Shipping! Here you can find products of Taiwan TV Soundtrack OST . Obviously, I have to thank @Cotton Candy Cyanide too, since this whole song business started there. Then again, now we know The Letter, Quantum Suicide and SoulSet . A couple of days ago, Amanda Lee fought the Ghost, too! . I was a little late to the victory news, but I'm so happy VB is funded!!. Where do nature's building blocks, called the elements, come from? They're the hidden ingredients of everything in our world, from the carbon in our bodies to.
That's a, that's a mixture, actually, of 80 percent copper and 20 percent tin. And what we have here is the tin in a raw form. This is how it comes out of the ground. This is from Malaysia. And we have a chunk of copper the way it comes out of the ground. And that's from South Africa. So, that's the recipe for bronze?
So, you've got copper plus tin equals bronze. Why couldn't you use one of those metals by themselves? Why don't you make bells out of just copper? If it was all copper, it would, first of all, be too soft, and we wouldn't get that sound that we want from a bell.
Tin with copper gives us that hardness. Adding tin to copper during melting changes the properties of the metal. The larger tin atoms restrict the movement of the copper atoms, making the material harder. A blow causes the atoms to vibrate, but the tin prevents them from moving too far out of position.
Tin is good for a bell, but only in the right proportion. This is what can happen if the amount of tin isn't right. No one is certain why the Liberty Bell cracked, but a chemical analysis indicated there was too much tin and perhaps other impurities in the bronze.
The crack could have been caused by the way the atoms were arranged within the metal. Too much tin, and the copper atoms can't move at all. One good whack and… When the bronze has reached the proper temperature, 2, degrees Fahrenheit, it's time to pour. Is there any danger involved in this process? Well, if you consider getting burned a danger, yes there is. During the pour, speed is of the essence. If the metal is allowed to cool, flaws could develop, ruining the bell. Even though the foundry has the technology to precisely control the temperature, and Ralph and his team have decades of experience, bronze remains unpredictable.
Out of every hundred bells they pour, 20 or 30 will fail. That was quite a process. I appreciate your letting me help out like that. I think we got three successful bells out of this, but anything can go wrong, so you just don't know, until after you open up the molds and see what you've got. The bells have to cool for 24 hours, so it's the next day before we can find out if they'll be making music or ending up as scrap. So, what am I going to see inside?
A gleaming chrome, silver magnificent church bell ready for hanging? Actually no, you're going to see…I like to refer to them as a newborn baby. They come out kind of ugly and not so pretty, but they clean up really well. Wow, I can feel, I can feel waves of heat coming off of this. Yes, it's still quite warm. Is it, is it touchable?
Speak for yourself, dude! And what happens to a carefully crafted sand mold? Is this an actual bell that you can actually sell to somebody? Yes, we're going to. This will be on the market very soon. So I really do need to not chip it.
That would be good. So what about all this black sooty stuff? So that's going to have to be cleaned off of there. You got some kind of big hydraulic…? Actually no, I've got this. Well, that was a big waste of time. You missed a big spot over here.
I, I guess that's okay for a rookie. Well thank you so much, Ralph. And now, for the moment of truth: What time is it? Time to celebrate the millennia-old tradition of bronze.
Our bell resonates with a beautiful tone, and it takes many seconds for the note to die out, thanks to the interplay between copper and tin. Even the best bell makers can't know whether their bronze will be too stiff or too soft, until they pour a bell and strike it. I wonder, though, if there's a more scientific way to evaluate the metal. He's offered to show me how the atoms in our bronze stack up, literally. I brought you a couple of hunks of bronze, uh, one of which was knocked off of a bell when it was done and one of which is un-poured.
And I wouldn't mind taking a look at these under your magic microscope. Now, this is actually a lot of material. I need an area about the size of a farm, and you've given me the whole of the United States. So we're going to cut it down a little bit. Now watch out, it's hot. First, a polishing wheel gives the bronze a mirror-like finish.
Then the sample is inserted into a powerful electron microscope. David tells me that when we reach full magnification, we will have images of the actual atoms in the bronze, something few people have ever seen.
Frankly, it seems a little farfetched. So what's in there right now? What are we looking at? So, we have a piece of the bronze that we cut earlier, very similar to this one.
Now, I have to say, this microscope is not especially impressive. I mean, I'm seeing the entire circle like I'm just wearing a pair of reading glasses or something. This is like having a map of the United States, and eventually we want to zoom in, and we want to pick out one car, parked somewhere in the U. We'll have to zoom in a hundred million times to see an atom.
To understand the scale, imagine if I were floating in space, 2, miles above the earth, looking down at the United States. Zooming in a hundred million times would allow me to pick out, not just a car, but a bug, crawling in the grass next to it.
So we can zoom in from here? How do you do that? So, there's the zoom button. The big knob, labeled "Magnification?
So crank up the mag, and let's see what happens as you zoom in. I see a little tiny cartoon sign that says, "Welcome to Whoville! Now it's starting to look like an alien surface. Now what we're actually starting to see is the microstructure of the grains in that bronze. And the brighter colors are things that contain more tin, and the things with less tin are the things that are slightly darker.
Oh, my gosh, that is so cool. The microscopic structure of metals is not uniform.
Hunting the Elements
Small features, called grains, become visible. Boundaries between grains are actually defects in the orderly arrangement of the atoms. So you can't see atoms with this microscope? We can get almost all the way there, but not quite.
And to look at atoms, we're going to need a bigger machine. Do you have one? This giant room-sized thing in a shipping container? And why is it draped in shipping crate material? Those are acoustic blankets. They are meant to absorb and reflect sound, because the microscope itself is so sensitive that if you were to talk, just the pressure wave from your voice is going to, is going to give enough mechanical vibration to shake this thing around.
We only have to shake things by an atom for the image to vanish. So our little piece of bronze that we've dug out of the first machine, is now the little black disc there? Well, that's the three millimeter support disc. The actual bronze chip itself is about a hundredth the thickness of a human hair.
It's too small for us to see, so we have to mount it on a carrier grid, so we can handle it. Oh, so you've, you've essentially put it on a little plate. Are you telling me that I can see individual atoms of my piece of bell? Scientists have understood, since the early 20th century, that metals are crystals; that is, they have an orderly arrangement of atoms. By bombarding samples with x-rays they were able to create shadowy images of that crystal structure, but the idea that we might one day see actual atoms was beyond imagination.
If David's microscope is powerful enough, we should see regular rows of copper atoms with tin atoms packed in between. Or so the theory predicts. The dots are atoms? Each, each individual dot is an atom. We are seeing actual atoms in my little bell piece? The bright ones, those are the tin atoms, and the slightly darker ones, those are the copper atoms. And, and isn't it kind of like a mind-blower that we're actually looking at actual atoms?
I mean, isn't this a historic technological achievement? Every time people see that for the first time, they get really excited. To actually see atoms…amazing! Well, what can we learn about this?
Like, like, for one thing, I notice they're really, really grid-like. They're, they're like a little aerial photo of a planned community. That's actually the stacking of the atoms in the material.
The pattern that it orders into, that is the crystal structure, directly. David tells me we got very lucky. The atoms in our bronze are unusually well ordered.
Our bell makers must be true masters of their craft. Well, thanks for my tour into the, to the unseen and to what used to be the pure, purely theoretical. I can't believe I can now put on my resume that I've seen atoms. Thanks for the tour! It was a pleasure. This amazing ability to see atoms has opened up new worlds for scientists.
Muller's lab has successfully captured many other images of atoms in gold and computer chips, oxygen, powerful magnets and even glass. But, even so, they've barely scratched the surface, because they can discern only the outermost boundaries around atoms. The interior is 10, times smaller.
If the outer boundary of a hydrogen atom, where the electron is found, were enlarged to be two miles wide, about the size of a city, the single proton in its nucleus would be the size of a golf ball. It's here we find elements at their most elemental, because every nucleus contains protons, and it's the number of protons that determines what kind of element the atom is. One proton is hydrogen; two protons, helium; three protons, lithium; four protons, beryllium; all the way up to elementwith protons.
Happy Days - Wikipedia
The number of protons is called the atomic number and it's the fundamental organizing principle of every table of the elements, including this one.
You have a periodic table table. It's called the periodic table, why do people keep putting them on the wall? Every high school student has seen the elements chart, but author Theo Gray's version is unique: But, I have to say, I've never completely gotten it right. They're filled with stats and figures that don't make any sense to the ordinary person.
Theo gives me a refresher. You've got the name of the element. You've got the atomic symbol. You've got the atomic number, which is the number of protons in the nucleus of each atom of that element. It's probably the most important thing on this tile.
Gold's right there, number Okay, so here's a classic example. They would do a much better job marketing this table if the name and the symbol matched. Gold doesn't even have Au in it. The symbol is based on the Latin name aurum.
And if you think about it, the name of each element is the least important piece of information you could possibly have. What matters about elements is that they are real physical substances with properties and things you can do with them. Theo makes the point by putting me in touch with the real deal.
Oh, I see what you've done. To make the entire table less abstract, he invites me to lay out the rest of his collection of pure elements. Well, this is really pretty amazing. This is a visual representation of every single element that makes up this entire planet and everything on it.
Then Theo reminds me of something I'd forgotten. As we can clearly see, more than 70 percent of the elements on the table are metals, shiny, malleable materials that conduct electricity. There's, sort of, a diagonal line here. Everything from here on over, including the bottom part, is all metals. Everything from here on over is non-metals. And down the middle are these, kind of, halfway in between things, which include, for example, semiconductors, like silicon.
I have to say many of these elements look the way you would think—gold looks like gold, silver looks like silver—but not all of them. The one I was looking at, in particular, was calcium. Most people probably think of calcium as white and chalky, you know?
It's bone, it's chalk, it's, uh, it's milk. But this is a silver, shiny metal. This is when Theo's collection starts to get really interesting, when he pairs the pure elements with their more familiar forms. This bowl, from the s, gets its orange color from uranium, and it's actually dangerously radioactive. Theo's table and his remarkable collection make a powerful point. From about 90 elements found on earth, nature and man have derived millions of different substances that make our world.
But, to me, there's something even more amazing: Even the atom itself hadn't been discovered. To understand how he cracked the code of the table, I've come to St. Petersburg, Russia, to the State University and to Mendeleev's apartment and office. She lies to him that she owns a grand hotel and is looking for a famous interior designer to give it a total makeover.
Once Qi Tian arrives in Kenting he wants to leave immediately when he sees Gigi's "Spring Breeze" inn, but is unable to because he is stuck there when his car got damaged during the journey. At the inn he meets Ya Ting who he is instantly attracted to, but later finds out that they were former high school classmates who he was in love with, because of his over 50 self-centered love confession letters to her she rejected his love back than.
After finding out that his idol was a designer of "Spring Breeze", he agrees to stay and take on the project to redesign it. Small time triad gangster Zhang Yao Yang KunDa Hsieh is on the run from the authorities when he thinks he has killed someone. He arrives in Kenting by accident when he gets nervous after seeing a policeman headed his way on the train and decides to get off at the next stop. He meets Ya Ting at the local market while trying to get away from police and falls in love with her at first sight.
Not wanting to let her get away, he follows her all the way to the "Spring Breeze" inn where he takes up residency and later becomes the chef when Gigi discovers his talent for cooking. Ding Hao Quan Kaiser Chuang was a respected doctor and surgeon in pediatrics, but due to the death of a patient during surgery he is traumatized and loses his confidence.
Turning to alcohol to cope with his inner pain he tries to commit suicide on the roof deck of the hotel that Ya Ting works at in Taipei. After Ya Ting talks him out of suicide he talks her out of aborting her child. He arrives in Kenting to visit the grave site and pay his respect to his patient.
While trying to commit suicide again by jumping off a boat, Qi Tian saves his life and brings him back to the "Spring Breeze" inn. When the three men find out that Ya Ting is pregnant and unwed, they think of a plan to help her since she is afraid of letting her mother Gigi know because Gigi was also an unwed mother and made her daughter Ya Ting promised not to follow the same path as her.
Yao Yang, who is the first to fall in love with Ya Ting, plans to pretend to be the father of her unborn child, but his idea is announced first to Gigi by Qi Tian. Soon Ya Ting and Qi Tian get married to follow through with the lie. With the two pretending to be a married couple, each day they begin to fall more in love with each other, but both with their stubborn personalities refuse to admit their feelings to one another.
Also Qi Tian having an ex-girlfriend that won't let go and accept that he is married to someone else. She and Qi Tian were high school classmates who she found annoying and conceited.
List of Taiwanese television series TTV official website 3. Neighbours include China to the west, Japan to the northeast, Taiwan is the most populous state that is not a member of the United Nations, and the one with the largest economy. The island of Taiwan, also known as Formosa, was inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines before the 17th century. While Taiwan was under Japanese rule, the Republic of China was established on the mainland in after the fall of the Qing dynasty, following the Japanese surrender to the Allies inthe ROC took control of Taiwan.
As a founding member of the United Nations, the ROC continued to represent China at the United Nations untilin the early s, Taiwan entered a period of rapid economic growth and industrialization, creating a stable industrial economy. In the s and early s, it changed from a one-party military dictatorship dominated by the Kuomintang to a multi-party democracy with universal suffrage, Taiwan is the 22nd-largest economy in the world, and its high-tech industry plays a key role in the global economy.
It is ranked highly in terms of freedom of the press, health care, public education, economic freedom, the PRC has consistently claimed sovereignty over Taiwan and asserted the ROC is no longer in legitimate existence. Under its One-China Policy the PRC refused diplomatic relations with any country that recognizes the ROC, the PRC has threatened the use of military force in response to any formal declaration of independence by Taiwan or if PRC leaders decide that peaceful unification is no longer possible.
There are various names for the island of Taiwan in use today, the former name Formosa dates fromwhen Portuguese sailors sighted the main island of Taiwan and named it Ilha Formosa, which means beautiful island. The name Formosa eventually replaced all others in European literature and was in use in English in the early 20th century.
This name was adopted into the Chinese vernacular as the name of the sandbar. The modern word Taiwan is derived from this usage, which is seen in forms in Chinese historical records. Use of the current Chinese name was formalized as early as with the establishment of Taiwan Prefecture, through its rapid development, the entire Formosan mainland eventually became known as Taiwan. The official name of the state is the Republic of China and it was a member of the United Nations representing China untilwhen it lost its seat to the Peoples Republic of China.
Over subsequent decades, the Republic of China has become known as Taiwan. In some contexts, especially ones from the ROC government 4. However, due to the popularity of Hokkien entertainment media from Taiwan, Taiwanese has become a prominent variety of Hokkien.
Taiwanese Hokkien is a variety of Hokkien, a group of Southern Min dialects. Like many Min varieties, it has literary and colloquial layers of vocabulary. The literary layer can be traced to the late Tang dynasty, in contrast, the colloquial layers of Min varieties are believed to have branched from the mainstream of Chinese around the time of the Han dynasty.
Regional variations within Taiwanese may be traced back to Hokkien variants spoken in Southern Fujian, specifically those from Quanzhou and Zhangzhou, Taiwanese Hokkien also contains loanwords from Japanese and the native Formosan languages.
The literary form of Hokkien once flourished in Fujian and was brought to Taiwan by early emigrants, tale of the Lychee Mirror, a manuscript for a series of plays published during the Ming dynasty inis one of the earliest known works.
This form of the language is now largely extinct, however, literary readings of the numbers are used in certain contexts such as reciting telephone numbers. During Yuan dynasty, Quanzhou became an international port for trade with the outside world. From that period onwards, due to political and economic reasons and this included the relatively undeveloped island of Formosa, starting around They brought with them their language, Hokkien.
During the late Ming dynasty, due to chaos, there was increased migration from southern Fujian. The earliest immigrants who were involved in the development of Taiwan included pirate-merchants Chinese Peter, inChinese Peter from Zhangzhou and his forces occupied Ponkan and started to develop Tirosen. After the death of Peter and another pirate, Li Dan of Quanzhou, byhe had grown so powerful that the Ming court bestowed him the official title, Patrolling Admiral.
Inthe number of Chinese in the island was about 25, during the reign of Chongzhen Emperor, there were frequent droughts in the Fujian region. Zheng and a Chinese official suggested to send victims to Taiwan, although this plan was never carried out, the Zheng family maintained an interest in Taiwan that would have dire consequences for the Dutch.
In andthe Dutch and Spanish forces occupied the Tainan and Keelung areas, during the 40 years of Dutch colonial rule of Taiwan, many Han Chinese from the Quanzhou, Zhangzhou and Hakka regions of mainland China were recruited to help develop Taiwan 5.